Friday, 20 November 2020 10:29

US solar energy production increases 4 times in 5 years

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) will allocate US$130 million in new projects to advance solar technologies, including in the field of artificial intelligence, says the DOE website.

DOE will fund 67 research projects across 30 states that reduce the cost of solar, increase U.S. manufacturing competitiveness, and improve the reliability of the nation’s electric grid.
At the same time, according to FERC, new generating capacities in the volume of 13,753 MW were included into the US energy system within two quarters of 2020. The contribution of "green" energy -solar, wind, water and biomass - made 7,859 MW or 57.14 %, and natural gas combustion
5,869 MW or 42.67 %. Thus, both of these sources hold a share of 99.81 % among the new added electricity generation capacities.

Coal and "other" sources added a small share of capacity in the amount of 20 and 5 MW. As of the report date in 2020, there were no new generating capacities based on oil, nuclear power or geothermal units.

The share of "green" energy in the United States today accounts for 23.04 % of the installed capacity.

At the same time, coal provides 20.19 % of the generation. Wind and solar energy alone generate 13.08 % of power. In the next three years, the share of electricity from renewable sources in the United States should exceed the landmark figure of 25 %.

According to an analysis by the Sun Day Campaign (following on from the data of FERC), “green” energy in the United States generated 17.27 % of the country's electricity five years ago. 

Of this volume, wind produced 5.84 % of energy (now 9.13%), and the sun - 1.08 % (now 3.95 %). It is easy to calculate that electricity generation from wind increased by almost 60 % in five years, and from the sun quadrupled. This does not include individual wind turbines and solar panels on the roofs of houses.

It should be noted that the withdrawal of the USA from the Paris climate agreement came into force on November 4. The decision to do so was first announced by the US President Donald Trump in June 2017, and in November 2019, Washington officially notified the UN of the start of the exit procedure.

As the reason for withdrawing from the Paris agreement, Trump cited “unfair economic restrictions that it imposes on American workers, businesses and taxpayers”.He stressed that this step is taken in favor of interests of American companies working in the field of mining.

The United States became the first country to withdraw from the agreement, while the US State Department indicated that it does not intend to give up its full set of "political options" and does not rule out returning to the implementation of the agreement if it manages to achieve more favorable conditions for itself.

The Paris climate agreement was adopted on December 12, 2015 at the UN Climate Change Conference (COP 21). It was signed by representatives of 196 countries. It replaced the Kyoto Protocol, which expires in 2020, which approved commitments to reduce greenhouse gas emissions only for developed countries.

New climate protection obligations were assumed by all states regardless of the degree of economic development.

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